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A brief history of Scrabble

Does the term ‘scrabble’ ring any bells inside your mind? If not, then your childhood, even for that matter your adulthood isn’t as fun as mine. In 1938, this highly played and the most enjoyed word game was developed by Alfred Mosher Butts as a modification to his previously developed word game ‘Lexiko’. The word game Scrabble word finder is a board and tile game in which two or four parties compete with each other by forming words on a lettered board of 225 square grids. The tactics with which this game is played is as similar to the one used in the crossword puzzle.

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Mr. Alfred Mosher Butts in his study room;

The idea of creating such a spelling oriented game was conceived during the times of the Great Depression. Mr Butts thought of developing Scrabble to divert the economic minds

away from the bleak of economic instability in the United States. However, the reach of Scrabble was still far from the hands of the American citizens who were busy dealing with the post effects of World War 2. Initially, Mr Butts could not find an appropriate name for his word game, thus, named the game ‘it’ and then switching over to names like ‘Lexiko’ and Criss-cross. After many years of rigorous attempts of finding a suitable sponsor, he tried tinkering and switching with the game’s method of operations. However, when his patent plea got rejected, not once but twice, he lost his zeal to promote the game any further.

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In 1948, James Brunot, one of the residents of Newtown, Connecticut, who at the time owned the manufacturing rights of several board games in the United States contacted Alfred Mosher Butts and decided to purchase the rights of manufacture of Criss-Crosswords (Scrabble). James Brunot liked Mr Butts’ imagination of forming a letter game that is the combination of three educational games such as board games, number games like dice, and letter games such as crossword puzzles. Without any further ado, Mr Brunot agreed to pay Mosher the royalty on his creation of every unit sold in the market. James was an enthusiastic marketer who did his very best in promoting the overall structure of the entire idea. He played with the color combinations such as pastel pink, baby indigo, bright red, and many more to make the game more appealing and catchy to the eyes. The foremost alternation that occurred was in its name. From being called ‘It’ and ‘Criss Crosswords’, it was officially introduced as “Scrabble” in the market.

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Mr. James Brunot in a meeting;

The term scrabble means ‘to scratch frantically’. With this new definition and will power, James and his family set up the first-ever manufacturing unit of Scrabble in the abandoned schoolhouse in Connecticut. This was the place where the initial production of Scrabble started. Here, every hour twelve units of the game were produced. However, the beginning was not as fruitful as it was supposed to be and the entire team lost a ton of money in the whole vocation. But destiny has its own pace, thereby, Scrabble got its big break in 1952 when the chairman of Macy’s Mr. Jack Straus played the game for the first time. He immediately started shelving his stocks with the units of the game. That year, the sales plummeted so much so that James’ manufacturing unit was churning out 2,000 units of the set per week.

This vicissitude of the whole venture was not well received by James Brunot. Ultimately, in order to meet the demand and supply curve, he decided to sell the manufacturing rights to Selchow and Righter who, like many others previously rejected the game. The creator of the whole venture Mr. Butts received a total of $265,000 in royalties, while James got approximately $1.5 million. From the year 1980 to 2000, Scrabble saw a lot of transition moving from the hand of one director to another. However, the market for the whole venture remained intact.

The game was first sold in the United Kingdom in 1954. Since then, Scrabble has been produced in over 22 languages including Braille. It created its worldwide audience over time, in fact, several tournaments were held up for the enthusiasts who eagerly looked up to it. In 1984, the success graph of Scrabble took a positive hike when the game was turned into a day time show on NBC. This game show was telecasted from 1984 to 1990 which was followed by its second run in the year 1993. The time changed but the legacy continued. In 2011, Scrabble Showdown was hosted which was a collaboration of Discovery Communications Inc. and Hasbro.

Scrabble was faced a lot of muting and degradation at the same time as its enlightening years. The game set was being sold out of the U.S by the rivals of Hasbro, who owned more than half of the $1.1 billion of U.S games market. As the times passed, in 1993, Mattel, who were the top competitors of Hasbro, paid $90 million to get a hold on the international rights of Scrabble. The evidence lies in the bifurcated homepage of Scrabble.com.

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Followed by several contemporaries on a global scale, in 2005, Scrabulous, an unauthorized version of Scrabble was launched on the then-followed Facebook. Hasbro, the owner of the North American rights of the game opposed as it highly impacted the US markets. Facing the lawsuit, the creators of Scrabulous, Mr. Rajat and Mr. Jayant Agarwalla in 2008, developed another version of Scrabble known as Wordscraper. This scrabble-like set allowed users to modify their own boards and team up accordingly. Later that year, Facebook officially banned Scrabulous for its North American users. Hasbro, competing legally, finally won and launched the online version of Scrabble on Facebook.

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This highly followed board-set game saw a lot of implications over time. Nevertheless, many modifications and versions never failed to impress its audience. In 2004, Scrabble was presented into the National Toy Hall of Fame.…

Things You Need to Know About the Amharic Language

Next to Arabic, Amharic is the second most widely spoken language under the Semitic family of languages. It is the official language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. It has an enigmatic form of writing that has not found a way of transliterating into Roman characters.

It takes a linguist specializing in the study of Semitic languages or a native speaker to convert the characters and sounds into a universal language system so that a non-Semitic speaking population can understand and comprehend the spoken and written language.

If you are planning to learn Amharic, here are a few things you should know about this complex yet beautiful language. It is a language that can bring and the culture closer to each other.

A Brief History

The elements of the writing can be traced back to the 1st millennium B.C. The Amharic language is an Ethiopian Semitic language that is used primarily in North Central Ethiopia. It is spoken regularly by the Amhara, an ethnic organization in the interior mountains of Ethiopia. The language has also been adopted by other ethnic groups unrelated to this area.

In terms of script, the language does not use a version of the language which helps in the conducting of the right and written languages with accrodance. It is a more decorated way of communicating language, much more so than the Roman alphabet.

The more interesting part is that male and female nouns and pronouns can also be used to convey certain emotions. This writing is a hidden and beautiful one.

Deeper Analysis of its Alphabetic Script

Its script uses a syllabary called “Fidel” or “abugida”. Amharic is a version of the Ge’ez alphabet known as ፊደል (Fidel). In other words, “abugida” consonants carry an inherent vowel. This is quite similar to the Japanese language.

There are 33 basic characters, each of which has seven forms depending on the way each vowel is pronounced. Similar to Latin languages, there is an agreement between the verb and its subject.

Interestingly, the male and female names and pronouns can also be used to communicate positive emotions. For example, female names can be used to indicate that something is small or tender, or even to express empathy.

Why should you learn the Amharic language?

Amharic is the second most spoken Semitic language in the entire world. Arabic is the only Semitic language that comes before it, so if you’re looking to know about the source of the language and why it is used is a good candidate for it.

The writing itself, when written, is very beautiful. There is no particular way to translate the Amharic language into Roman lettering, so when one learns Amharic, it is necessary to get accustomed to the written language just as much as the spoken language. This might prove to be difficult at first, but the rewards are definitely more fabulous when one has to pour more energy into an endeavor.

Those who are interested in music, particularly reggae might find Amharic would be a interesting writing to learn. Some Rastafarians learn the Amharic writing voluntarily as a supplementary language, as it is considered to be a sacred language. Many reggae songs use the Amharic language as the primary language of communication.

How is it so Popular?

The Amharic language is spoken in many specific regions like Addis Ababa, the Amhara Region, the Benishangul-Gumuz Region, and also the Gambela Region. It doesn’t share any importance with other languages.

Due to the sudden rise in emigration, Amharic has now been included in various computer software packages. This is visible with various public service organizations making a point of including Amharic as another vital word to enter in their reading and review services.

It is a word that is still spoken over by 2.7 million emigrants. Most of these Amharic speakers have significant numbers in the United States, Canada, and Sweden.

There is also an expanding body of analysis written in the Amharic language. Over the past few years, this literature has begun to span many genres and includes various novels, proverbs, poems, government records, religious books, tech. manuals, educational books, medical discussions, etc.

Methods to learn the Amharic language

Linguistic enthusiasts find it fairly easy to learn Amharic. Constant speaking and writing, with the use of this language, can lead to fluency and articulateness, despite the lack of Roman transcriptions.

Some online language programs conduct lessons on speaking, writing and reading Semitic languages. This is the type of language that helps you to know and connect with the culture and is affordable as they offer free advice and tips as well as conversation lesson. The language learning exchange program supports other kinds of language learning curricula that conduct classroom lessons, cultural immersion, and multimedia tools.

Through this program, you can learn the real Amharic language including its slang expressions and all types of vocabulary words. Intermingling with native speakers can easily help you pick up and absorb the natural manner by which the Ethiopian tongue is spoken.

Final Words

While one may downplay the role of this Semitic language at first glance, we can clearly see that this language is currently in high demand by several organizations. Therefore, learning this language can prove to fruitful to some linguistic enthusiasts out there who are not just looking for learning the language purely out of hobby. We hope the above things helped you now have a basic understanding of the Amharic language.…